The Bamboo is one of the world’s most renewable materials and that is why it is considered to be a super plant. It can easily grow up to four feet in a single day. It absorbs five times more carbon dioxide and produces 35% more oxygen than a similar group of trees. To flourish like this, the bamboo plant requires no pesticides, and little water, especially compared to cotton crops. When bamboo is harvested, the plant regenerates itself in a short time. Bamboo is strong and used to make structures like bridges, roads, houses, scaffolding, and furniture.
Here are five of the main reasons why bamboo ecology should be in the middle of all projects and why it can save the world:
1. Bamboo Is Tough and Flexible
It has great strength and flexibility, making it an ideal low-cost building material in many parts of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, areas where it is native. This means that bamboo in a plantation can regularly be chopped down and used to build houses and other structures.
Projects using bamboo to build houses to protect communities in flood zones have so far succeeded in developing and implementing techniques to construct ecological flood-resistant housing for low-income families. Bamboo has also been used to make boats, furniture, flooring, clothing, paper, plastics, water pipes, and a very long list of other products.
2. Bamboo Has the Highest Absorption of C02
The bamboo plant also grows faster than many trees, growing up to 1.2 meters per day. How fast a plant grows has a part in determining how much CO2 it can absorb in a given time. In this respect, bamboo wins hands-down. Bamboo produces more than 35% more oxygen than trees.
3. Bamboo Can Affect Climate Change
Ultimately, the most effective solution to climate change is to decrease CO2 emissions by reducing dependence on fossil fuels. But, since a stage of zero emissions is highly unlikely in the near future, forests play a vital role in the drive towards a more achievable state of carbon neutrality.
This has given the plant a potentially crucial role in stabilizing our planet's atmosphere. More bamboo would undoubtedly help the environment.
4. Bamboo Used for Building Materials
Bamboo can be used in construction as a raw material or as a composite. Because of it's strength and elasticity bamboo was used in traditional architecture all around the Asia and South America.
Plyboo is a composite of bamboo layers, glued together under high pressure. It is eco-friendlier as an alternative to wood floors produced from oak, beech and tropical hardwoods. Plyboo comes with several advantages commercially, being durable and shrink resistant. Ecologically, it also has the edge on more traditional flooring and laminates.
5. Bamboo Can Save Endangered Species
Saving forests automatically protects the species living within that habitat, but bamboo and plyboo production can deliver an even more direct benefit for the world's most endangered species, the giant panda.
Although much successful work has been achieved in the captive breeding of the giant panda, the wild species is in serious trouble. Only around half of the estimated number of wild pandas are located in nature reserves. However, even within these reserves, the panda is at risk as illegal logging and agricultural encroachment continues.
The giant panda has been denied the ability to migrate to new areas thus the mass of small, isolated giant panda populations has no long-term future. One of the best ways of effecting communication between marooned populations is by planting strips of natural forest cover, so-called "green corridors" between two woodland islands.